Force Science Certification Course

Holy cow, I graduated from Harvard. Well, not the Harvard, but the “Harvard” that every law enforcement use-of-force instructor, LE use-of-force investigator, municipal defense attorney and PIO really needs to attend: the Force Science Analyst Certification Course.

After having time to reflect on and absorb the class, I really hate to think of how many good, honest officers who have been disciplined, fired, sued and even jailed because the investigators and defenders of their incidents didn’t have this training.

Dr. Bill Lewinski, Ph.D., leads the Force Science Institute. If you’re not familiar with his work, let me tell you the three points that matter the most to me.  One, he’s directly responsible for the most important research available that can, will and has defended LEOs involved in controversial incidents. Two, he‘s an absolute master of what he does. Three, he has an incredible passion to help officers, and he deeply and sincerely cares about us.

The scientific and research credentials held by the Force Science team far exceed any other law enforcement training organization in the world. For details on those, I’m going to refer you to  To put it bluntly, I don’t have the space available to list all of the incredible people involved, let alone their credentials, that makes Force Science the dominating leaders in this highly specialized and vitally important training and research.

My friend, firearms mentor and seminar partner Dave Spaulding often uses the phrase, “You don’t know what you don’t know.”  This blunt reality really comes to life as the course unfolds. The Force Science Certification Course fills an essential void for the student. The weeklong event teaches you how to take a rapidly evolving, officer-involved use-of-force incident that lasted only a few seconds, and break it down to the microsecond as to what events occurred when and why. In analyzing and articulating the dynamics of an altercation, this class teaches you what you must know and how to articulate it to not only the public, but to administrators, jurors and judges as well.

Academically, the Force Science Certification Course is a lot of work and a lot of hours. Don’t attend thinking you’ll be out partying after hours. You’ll be married to the three-ring binder that they give you on the first day, for the duration of the course. However, it’s an achievement you will always treasure, and it will provide training that is absolutely indispensable for the groups listed in the first paragraph of this article.

Instructors for the October 2012 Certification Course included:

  • Dr. Matthew Stajnkrycer, MD, Ph.D., and the Chair of Emergency Medicine Research at the Mayo Clinic;
  • Chris Lawrence, MA, who is a 30-year law enforcement veteran and a leading authority on in-custody deaths:
  • Dr. Laura Zimmerman, Ph.D., a Senior Scientist at the Cognitive Solutions Division of Applied Research Associates;
  • Dr. Christine Hall, recognized as a leading researcher/expert in the field of Excited Delirium;
  • Dr. Alexis Artwohl, Ph.D., author of Deadly Force Encounters and chair for the Behavioral Sciences Section of the National Tactical Officers Association;
  • Dr. Edward Geiselman, Ph.D., co-developer of the Cognitive Interview Technique and Professor of Psychology at the University of California; and
  • John Hoag, JD, retired attorney who specialized in the defense of LE officers.

In addition, of course, Dr. Bill Lewinski, Ph.D. the driving force behind the Force Science Institute and arguably the best LE speaker I’ve ever had the privilege of meeting.

If I were to be on the other side of this article and had never attended this class, I’d be more than a bit intimidated by the aforementioned masters of academia. I’d be skeptical that I’d even be able to communicate with or understand the teachings of these instructors.  That is not a problem with the Force Science team.  They bring highly complex subjects and explain them in down-to-earth terms. Anytime you have a group of speakers, inevitably, some will be better than others. However, all the speakers were obvious subject matters experts and presented their material in an easy to understand, and in some cases, a highly entertaining fashion.

The following are just a few of the subjects covered in the Force Science Certification Course:

  • How to analyze vital elements of controversial uses of force that are often overlooked;
  • Skills to help determine whether an officer is being honest when he swears his recollection of an incident is true…even though his account directly conflicts with forensic evidence;
  • Techniques for helping officers accurately and thoroughly recall details of force encounters;
  • Why a site visit and/or video review may or may not be advisable before a statement;
  • Whether shots to the back really reflect what an officer saw when he pulled the trigger;
  • How to avoid critical mistakes some investigators make during post-incident interviews; and
  • The truth about time: How long it really takes officers to start—and stop— shooting.

As we all know, the vast majority of officers do the right thing in use-of-force incidents. As the US Supreme Court so eloquently and accurately stated in Graham V. Connor: “Officers are often forced to make split-second judgments in circumstances that are tense, uncertain and rapidly evolving – about the amount of force that is necessary in a particular situation.” Without having the ability to thoroughly investigate use-of-force incidents from a scientific perspective leaves you with an incomplete investigative conclusion.  Having the ability to scientifically investigate, and then competently articulate your findings, can be invaluable to your officers and the financial well-being of the jurisdiction they serve.  Departments that do not have a Force Science Certified Force Analyst on staff are putting themselves at unnecessary legal and civil risk.

I’d also like to extend a big thank you to Lt. Christine Briede and the rest of the Cincinnati (Ohio) Police Department’s academy staff who hosted the October event.  Truly, the staff is a class act and an obviously highly dedicated group of professionals. I’ll close with final note to Cincinnati Police Chief James Craig. Chief, your academy staff were great hosts and they went out of their way to accommodate the attendees. I’m quite confident I can speak for all the attendees in saying they left us with a very positive opinion of the Cincinnati PD.

For more information on Force Science and their outstanding research, visit

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After 32 years of law enforcement service with a large urban police department, Charles E. Humes, Jr. honorably retired at the rank of Sergeant in 2015. Independently achieved, he is recognized internationally as one of the pioneers of modern, realistic police defensive tactics training. He has taught seminars and instructor certification schools as far West as Alaska and as far East as North Carolina; and has trained police instructors from as far as Hong Kong.
He was a 2016 recipient of the Ohio Distinguished Law Enforcement Training Award from the Ohio Attorney General’s Office.



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